5+3+3+4 will replace 10+2. This isn’t a math puzzle but a change in the framework of India’s school education system mandated by the new National Education Policy. Put simply, the policy proposes that the present 10+2 structure covering age group 6-18 years will be replaced with a 5+3+3+4 structure covering age group 3-18 years.
The much talked about change in NEP 2020 is the overhauling of the existing schooling structure. The new policy has affirmed the need to move from rote to competency-based learning making it more focused on developing the creative and critical thinking capacities of students to meet the challenges of the 21st century proactively. It emphasizes that learners must be equipped with the ability to solve problems and assessment must shift from testing primarily rote memorization skills to one that is more formative, is more competency-based, promotes learning and development for our students, and tests higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking, and conceptual clarity. The ray of hope has come through the new National Education Policy 2020, which talks about sustainable human development and universal education learning with equity and learning outcomes with a research-oriented mindset. As the cornerstone of all educational decisions, India has always placed education at the centre of its development agenda, and with bridging the gender, social, regional gaps with community participation, it will raise the spirits towards equal opportunities to all ensuring equity in this policy.